Ramnagar Fort

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Ramnagar Fort


Situated 14 km from the city of Varanasi, Ramnagar Fort lies on the banks of the river Ganga and is the inherited home to the Maharaja of Varanasi. It was constructed in 1750 by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh.

The fort is constructed in red sandstone and is made in a typical Mughal style of architecture with stunning carved out balconies and open patios. Following the old style of architecture the citadel is built on high grounds to keep it elevated and above the flood level in times when the river Ganges is overflowing. The most significant construction within Ramnagar Fort is the renowned Durbar hall or the hall of civic viewers and it provides an evidence of the way in which the courts used to exist. The fortress also houses the Ved Vyasa shrine, a museum and a residential compound for the king.

The museum inside Ramnagar Fort exhibits a majestic compilation of an array of old armour, guns, antique clocks, ivory work, swords, medieval costumes, vintage cars, gold & silver royal palki's (palanquins), silver elephant saddles carved out of silver, jewellery, furniture, amongst others. It also houses unusual manuscripts, Mughal miniatures, which are indeed the most valued collected works of this place.

Ramnagar Fort is renowned for its grandeur and extravagant festivity of annual Dussehra. The festival is celebrated by organising Ramlila first for the entire city to behold and the entire city turns into a stage and then the final “Ravan Dahan” is held. Its appeal and enormity is something everyone should taste once for sure. Sadly in the paucity of proper government support, the place is losing its charm to termite and agents of gradation.

Best time to visit

The fort can be visited anytime of the year, but October to March is the ideal time to visit Varanasi. One may also opt to visit Ramnagar Fort during the occasion of Dussehra celebrations.


The fort is popular for its majestic and elaborate Dussehra celebration during which the entire city of Varanasi turns into a stage. The ‘Ramlila’ or the act of Ramayana takes place in the fort premises and then a month long celebration enfolds in different stages, while the various episodes from Ramayana are enacted and the entire city is enclosed by the fervour.

Further, the Ramnagar Fort has its own significance in the Indian movies as diverse movie scenes have been shot here.


The fort opens daily at 10:00 am and closes at 5:00 pm except during major Indian festivals i.e. Holi and Diwali.

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