Chittorgarh Fort

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India >> Rajasthan >> Udaipur >> Attractions >> Chittorgarh Fort

Chittorgarh Fort

History

Said to be the largest fort in the country and the grandest in the state of Rajasthan, the Chittorgarh Fort is one of its kind. Also known as Chittor, the fort has been the capital of Mewar and was ruled by a number of regal families like Guhilots, the Sisodias, the Suryavanshi clans of Chattari Rajputs, and finally by Emperor Akbar who finally deserted it in 1568. Located regally over a hill at a height of 180 m, the fort encompasses an area of 280 hectares above the plains of the valley watered by the Berach River.

There are various battles that were fought in the precincts of this fort between 15th and 16th centuries i.e. the battle when Allauddin Khilji defeated Rana Ratan Singh in 1303, when Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat crushed Bikramjeet Singh in 1535 and when Emperor Akbar defeated Maharana Udai Singh II in 1567, who then flew from the fort and founded the city of Udaipur. Not only the battles, the fort even has the history of Jauhar being performed by more than 13,000 ladies and children of the Rajput heroes who scarified their lives in the battles at Chittorgarh Fort, initially started by Rani Padmini wife of Rana Rattan Singh and later by Rani Karnavati in 1537 AD.

Thus, the fort of Chittorgarh symbolises the embodiment of homage to the patriotism, bravery, medieval gallantry and sacrifice shown by the Mewar rulers of Sisodia and their relatives and their people between the 7th and 16th century.

Best time to visit

Winters are a good time to visit the fort.

Trivia

The fort has a total of seven entrances namely the Padan Pol, Hanuman Pol, Bhairon Pol, Jodla Pol, Ganesh Pol, Laxman Pol and the major gateway named as the Ram Pol i.e. the Lord Rama's Gate. All the entrances to the fort have been made as gigantic stone structures with protected defences for armed forces’ defence. Talking about its various towers, the fort has 4 main sections namely the Victory Tower, the Kirti Stambha or Tower of Fame, the Rana Kumbha's Palace and Padmini's Palace or Queen's Palace.

Timing

The fort is open from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm.


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