is thought that Anguilla was a regional centre of the Saladoid
Amerindians. The first inhabitants of Anguilla, the Indians, settled
on the island as early as the 4th Cent AD. According to
archaeological findings, the island was a regional centre for the
Indians. There are remnants of large settlements around Rendezvous Bay
and Sandy Ground. On the whole, 42 Amerindian archaeological sights
have been uncovered on the island.
presence was acknowledged by the French in 1564 but was strangely left
alone till 1650 when it was first colonised by the British. For the
next 150 years, Anguillas history was clouded by struggle between
the French and the British both of who wanted to control the island.
The period also witnessed attacks by the Caribs. The unsteady
political situation adversely affected the economy of the island.
However, the British managed to retain their control over the island
and in 1825, Anguilla was associated with St. Kitts and Nevis for
administrative purposes. The islands were soon integrated to become
one colony. However, Anguilla resented being clubbed with St.
Kitts-Nevis and felt that the administrators of St. Kitts could not
empathise with local issues of Anguilla.
1967, St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla gained full control in domestic affairs
and achieved the status of a State in association with UK. The
resentment of being incorporated with St. Kitts came to head during
this time and Anguilla severed off all ties from the Union. Tensions
on the island mounted and finally the British troops arrived to
restore peace on the island. It was in 1980 that matters were resolved
when Anguilla became a Separate Dependent Territory.